Sativa VS Indica

January, 2019

On a chemical level, indica and sativa strains are different in their composition of the cannabinoid content, as well as in the balance of other phytochemical compounds, such as terpenes and flavonoids. Sativa strains usually show a high THC content and low CBD content, whilst landrace indica strains tend have a lower THC content, and a somewhat higher CBD content. But thanks to breeding, both indica and sativa strains can be found with varying THC:CBD cannabinoid concentrations.

In general, the effect of sativa strains is often described as a strong and uplifting head high, while indicas tend to produce a more body-centred, stoned effect. While the THC and CBD play a significant role in shaping the effect, other naturally occurring substances also play their part in producing these distinct characteristics. For example, over 120 different terpenes have been found in cannabis, the concentration and balance of which can largely influence the high produced by a particular strain.

After THC, CBD is the second most prevalent and important cannabinoid naturally found in cannabis; and not only is it thought to be medicinally valuable, but it also modifies the way THC interacts with the body, modulating and dampening the effect of THC.

Generally speaking, based on the natural variations in plant chemistry, a rule of thumb is that sativa works on the mind, and indica on the body.

Sativa traits:

  • Energizing & Uplifting
  • Stimulates creativity and thoughts
  • Promotes sense of well-being
  • Relieves headaches and migraines
  • Reduces nausea
  • Stimulates the appetite
  • Relieves depression

Indica traits:

  • Relaxing & Laid back
  • Relieves pain and aches
  • Reduces anxiety & stress
  • Aids sleep
  • Reduces inflammation
  • Helps relieve spasms and seizures
  • Stimulates the appetite

Hybrid strains are a combinations of both sativa and indica strains, and have been bred to combine traits. There is no generalised list of medical traits for hybrid cannabis strains, as they can literally be bred to encompass a wide range of actions, which vary from strain to strain. However, generally speaking, most medical users will want to find they benefit most from a CBD rich sativa or indica dominant strain.

Male VS Female
(find out the key differences)
Sativa VS Indica
(and how to use them)


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